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Hard Negotiation or Economic Duress? High Court Gives Guidance

Businesspeople who personally guarantee corporate debts may feel they are under such extreme pressure to do so that they have no choice. As a High Court ruling showed, however, only in very rare cases will judges find that such pressure crosses the line...

Forced to Shut Your Commercial Premises During Lockdowns? Read This

Numerous hospitality and other businesses suffered crushing losses when they were denied access to their commercial premises during COVID-19 lockdowns. However, many of them can take comfort from the High Court's ground-breaking ruling that a group of...

Christening a New Business? It's Madness Not to Seek Professional Advice

When christening a new business it is madness not to take professional advice so as to ensure that you are not transgressing anyone else's intellectual property rights. A case on point concerned a modest Chinese takeaway that shared the same name as an...

What is a Detriment? EAT Ruling Clearly Sets Out the Correct Legal Test

The question of whether someone has suffered a 'detriment' is the central issue in a great many employment cases where discrimination or victimisation is alleged. In an important decision, the Employment Appeal Tribunal (EAT) has given authoritative guidance...

Incorporation of English Jurisdiction Clause Arguably 'Went Without Saying'

In a novel decision of interest to the international trading community, the High Court ruled it arguable that an English jurisdiction clause was incorporated in a petroleum supply contract notwithstanding that the alleged deal was done informally over the...

Rugby Club's Expansion Plans Not Inhibited by 1922 Restrictive Covenant

Land is often sold subject to restrictive covenants that inhibit the use to which it can be put. As a guideline Court of Appeal ruling showed , however, the distinction between restrictions that provide a personal benefit to the vendor alone and those that...

Tech Company Failed to Make Reasonable Adjustments for Cancer Sufferer

Corporate reorganisations arising from a change in ownership very often result in a need to reduce staff numbers. However, as one case showed, it is vital to conduct redundancy exercises fairly and openly and with careful regard to the particular needs of...

Risk of Industrial Action is a Fact of Business Life - Court of Appeal Ruling

Strike action that grounded an airline's planes did not amount to an 'extraordinary circumstance' that justified passengers being denied compensation after their flights were cancelled. In reaching that conclusion, the Court of Appeal observed that...

Accurate Record-Keeping Saves Clothing Traders from Swingeing VAT Bills

HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) investigations can be a daunting and potentially very costly experience for any business. However, as a tax tribunal ruling showed, clear and comprehensive record-keeping is the best defence. The case concerned two traders in...

Design Rights - Tourist Hoodies and T-Shirts Lack Novelty, High Court Rules

For a design to qualify for protection as intellectual property, it must both be novel and have individual character. In a guideline case, the High Court found that the design of Union Jack-emblazoned hoodies and T-shirts, targeted at the London tourist...
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